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Penalty – Takes or accepts any loan or deposit – Farmer’s co-op. society
Under Section 271, recording of satisfaction before initiation of penalty in the course of proceedings is a condition precedent for imposition of penalty for specified defaults. Under Sections 271D and 271E there is no such requirement of recording of satisfaction in the course of any proceeding
Penalty in respect of certain income
Section 115BBE provides for taxing income under sections 68 to 69D. The section prescribes a flat rate of 60% for all income brought to tax for lack of proof as to the source under sections 68 to 69D, plus surcharge @ 25% of the tax. This would mean that such income would be taxed on standalone basis, whose aggregate income including such income falling under the provisions falls below taxable limit.
Penalty -Search initiated on or after Ist day of July 2012
It is optional. Section 271AAB(1A) provides that notwithstanding contained in any other provisions of this Act, the Assessing Officer may direct, that in case where search has been initiated under sections 132 on or after the date on which the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 receive the assent of the President, the assessee shall pay by way of penalty, in addition to tax, if any payable by him.
Penalty – Concealment
Section 271(1)(c) of the Act provides for levy of penalty for concealing the particulars of income or furnishing inaccurate particulars of such income.
Mode of undertaking transactions-Cash aggregate of Rs. 2 lakh or more
A person can deposit / make payment otherwise than by account payee cheque or an account payee bank draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account to any Government, Banking Company, Post office Saving Bank or co-operative bank.
Mode of undertaking transactions.
The object for introducing this provision has been explained in the Memorandum Explaining the Provisions relating to Direct Taxes. The Memorandum states that in India, the quantum of domestic black money is huge which adversely affects the revenue of the Government creating resource crunch for its various welfare programmes. Black money is generally transacted in cash and large amount of unaccounted wealth is stored and used in form of cash.
Fee for default in furnishing return of income -Levy of fees for delayed furnishing return of income.
Question of levy of fee will not arise as income is below taxable limit and therefore he is not liable to file return of income
Fee for default in furnishing statements -Fee is not a penalty or interest.
Fee paid u/s. 234E is not a penalty or interest under the Income-tax Act, 1961. It is a fee which is for late filing of statement of tax deduction at source u/s. 200(3) of the Act. Similarly fee paid for late filing of statement of tax collected at source u/s. 206C(3) of the Act. Hence there is no loss to the revenue, as tax deducted or tax collected had to be paid before filing the statement.
Deduction at source – Tax deducted is income received -Claim of TDS on interest income
Thus section 198 is an enabling provision treating the tax that is deducted at source as the income of the payee. This stands to reason because the assessee would get credit for the same from the Assessing Officer on his filing the return.
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